Institutional support and Capacity building

The national working group

With a fully new approach it was evident that institutional arrangements were necessary for the correct implementation.
To ensure a wide participation a National CFM Working group was established, first to develop the legal frame for CFM, and after that to orient the correct implementation and to monitor the process. The National working work faced some troubles when it was proposed to have a regional working presenting more flexibility for the monitoring and follow-up; unfortunately the proposal did not encounter support at the national level of SAEPF and the working group stopped its activities.

Organisation for CFM implementation
Following the governmental decree #377 on CFM, 2 commissions were to be established.

First commission

Upon the order of leshoz director jointly with the heads of forest authorities and local self-governance bodies for introduction of CFM the first commission is established. It consists of:

  1. Chief Forester;
  2. Leshoz forester;
  3. Representatives of related aiyl okmoty;
  4. Representatives dealing with CFM implementation.
    • given commission conducts preliminary analysis of leshoz area and collects technical and other information related to needs in forest produce, forest management and state of forests;
    • commission informs local population of thst particular area about state policy on CFM; about their rights and responsibilities;
    • commission reveals stakeholders of the list of local population;
    • commission identifies forest plots for forestry needs (seed plantations, reserves, national nature parks, nurseries, etc.), inaccessible forest lands, remote forest lands, lands suitable for CFM and unfit plots;
    • commission establishes reserve fund of forest plots for their further distribution for CFM activities.

Commission develops of the map which would specify areas for introduction of CFM activities. The map together with the minutes of the meeting where it had been approved is handed over to the territorial forest management. Given map of the first commission should be placed in the offices of leshoz and forest range. Members of the second commission should always hold and support the opinion of the first commission. In the course of studying of leashoz area members of the first commission are working at collecting technical and other information related to needs in forest produce, forest management and state of forests. They should pay more attention to needs of local population in CFM activities and take into account opinion of local population, all this could increase the number of CFM tenants as well as areas suitable for CFM activities.

Second commission:

  • considers application of local people interested in CFM activities;
  • conducts analysis of previous types of plots use, adjoining areas handed over for CFM, as well as other adjoining areas;
  • makes decisions on distribution of plots for CFM activities;
  • makes decisions on allocation of plots for CFM activities. Decisions of the commission could be appealed in the Collaborative Management Board;
  • commission reports back to the general meeting of leshoz and bodies of local self-governance.

«Independent functioning of the second commission» for the members and chairmen of the second commission.

Members of the second commission should be very well familiar with their rights and responsibilities in the process of their work.

Members of the second commission have got the following rights:

  • to be elected out of the list of forest users, CFM and representatives of aiyl okmoty.
  • foresters and rangers of leshozes are appointed upon the order of leshoz director.
  • members of the commission are given the right to vote for applicants.
  • to dispute their point of view in the course of decision making on allocation of forest plot for CFM activities.
  • in the course of decision making process to give recommendations to leshoz director on decision about applicant needs.

Collaborative Forest Management Board

Collaborative Management Boards are established in leshozes for implementation of monitoring, settlement of disputes, conduction of independent examination and observation of agreement conditions.
Collaborative Management Board is a corporate independent body which regulates relations between leshozes and individuals involved in CFM activities. Operations of Collaborative Management Board is based on a voluntary basis
Collaborative Management Board is elected for 5 years on the general meeting of leshoz staff and representatives of aiyl okmoty, individuals involved in CFM activities and representatives of forest authorities.

Structure of the Collaborative Management Board.

Collaborative Management Board consists of:

  • leshoz representative
  • CFM specialist of a territorial forest management unit
  • representative of aiyl okmoty
  • individual involved in CFM activities
  • deputy of local kenesh.
The amount of representatives of stakeholders should be proportionate. Structure of the Collaborative Management Board is approved by territorial forest management unit.

Forest administration In the forest administration new positions have been created to anchor CFM in the institutions. In that way a position for CFM specialist at the national and Jalalabat Oblast level has been added to the existing structure and the Leshozes of the walnut fruit forest area have to employ a CFM engineer to contribute to CFM development.
The development of partnerships between Leshozes and Ail Okmotu also created some additional structure of information sharing, planning and decision taking. Even if these are not established within the legal text they are implemented at operation level.

Service providers
To be able to contribute to the institutional strengthening, services providers (Youg Les and Forestry) were engaged to bring more detailed knowledge on CFM and to bring a capacity building plan forward.

Capacity building

Capacity building was one of the main topic all along the lifetime of the project support. Different approaches, different themes for selected audience were the core of the training processes. For key stakeholders, twice (2000 and 2003) a selected group went abroad to Pakistan and Albania to get acquainted with what was implemented there and to try to further clarify and improve the “Kyrgyz’ variant of CFM.
Uninterrupted training to the CFM boards’ and commissions’ members has been implemented by the KIRFOR staff with a strong support from the service providers Yug Les and Forestry.
CFM engineers, forest rangers and chief foresters in the Leshozes were the privileged target group of the topical trainings.
Investigation about taxes and social fund obligation and registration procedures were implement and the results widely spread among the local population and local authorities.
All this represented some 130 training events targeting almost 2500 about specific CFM topics as shown below:

  • CFM implementation
  • Taxes and social fund in CFM
  • CFM board members training
  • Training of NWG
  • 1st and 2nd commissions training
  • Registration of CFM contracts
  • Establishment of contract
  • Participatory approach, partnership